Categories
Flooding

North Cambridge Flood Reconnaissance Study, 2000

NORTH CAMBRIDGE FLOOD RECONNAISSANCE STUDY

May 18, 2000

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PREPARED FOR: ALEWIFE NEIGHBORS INC.

CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

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JACOBS CONSULTING SERVICES

33 CLARK ROAD, NO. 1 BROOKLINE, MASSACHUSETTS 02445

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Table of Contents _______________________________________________________ i Table of Figures _______________________________________________________ iii Executive Summary ____________________________________________________ iv

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1

2

Introduction________________________________________________________1

1.1 Background ___________________________________________________________ 1 1.2 AlewifeWatershed______________________________________________________1 1.3 Objectives_____________________________________________________________1

Watershed Scale and Local Flood Characteristics__________________________ 3

  1. 2.1  Introduction___________________________________________________________3
  2. 2.2  Watershed scale flooding mechanisms______________________________________ 3
  3. 2.3  ExtremePrecipitation___________________________________________________3
  4. 2.4  SurveyFindings________________________________________________________4
  5. 2.5  FloodingObservations___________________________________________________5
    1. 2.5.1  October 1996 ______________________________________________________________ 5
    2. 2.5.2  September 6 and 10, 1999 ____________________________________________________ 6
    3. 2.5.3  Conclusions _______________________________________________________________ 7

2.6 Impact of Red Line Construction__________________________________________ 7

Flood Plain Development Issues_______________________________________ 20

  1. 3.1  Impact of Urbanization _________________________________________________ 20
  2. 3.2  Floodplain Development in Alewife-Little River Watershed___________________ 21

FloodingImpact____________________________________________________27 4.1 Introduction__________________________________________________________27

4.2 Economic impacts _____________________________________________________ 27

  1. 4.2.1  New Commercial Development ______________________________________________ 27
  2. 4.2.2  Non-Physical Damages of Residential Flooding __________________________________ 27
  3. 4.2.3  Unanticipated Residential Flooding____________________________________________ 28
  4. 4.2.4  reduction in home property value _____________________________________________ 28
  5. 4.2.5  Impaired use of Major Highways _____________________________________________ 28

4.3 Health and safety ______________________________________________________ 29

Recomendations____________________________________________________30

5.1 Introduction__________________________________________________________30 5.2 Regionalrecommendations______________________________________________30 5.3 Localrecommendations_________________________________________________31

3

4

5

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  1. 5.3.1  Upgrade Storm Drain Inlets at intersection of Clifton and Dudley ____________________ 31
  2. 5.3.2  Regrade Russell Field ______________________________________________________ 31
  3. 5.3.3  Improve Drainage on Alewife Brook Parkway ___________________________________ 31
  4. 5.3.4  Retrofit Homes ___________________________________________________________ 31
  5. 5.3.5  Storm Drain Maintenance and Investigation of System Improvements ________________ 32
  6. 5.3.6  Investigation of Impact of Red Line Extension Tunnel_____________________________ 33

6 References________________________________________________________34

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Figure 1. Study area. __________________________________________________________________ 2 Figure 2. Annual maximum precipitation recorded at Boston Logan Airport. ______________________ 9 Figure 3. Cumulative rainfall depth for August 1955, October 1996 and June 1998 storms. ___________ 9 Figure 4. Location of surveyed homes ____________________________________________________ 10 Figure 5. Homes with sump pumps. ______________________________________________________ 11 Figure 6. Reported flooding frequency. ___________________________________________________ 12 Figure 7. Basement flooding water source. ________________________________________________ 13 Figure 8. Flood conditions during October 1996 storm in Arthur D. Little eastern parking lot on north bank of Little River (by permission of J. Howard). ___________________________________________ 14 Figure 9. Flooding south of Alewife Center during October 1996 storm.__________________________ 14 Figure 10. Flooding south of Alewife Center during October 1996 storm._________________________ 15 Figure 11 Flooding in Russell Field during October 1996 storm. _______________________________ 15 Figure 12 Flooding at storm drain inlet near northeast gate to Russell Field during October 1996 storm. 16 Figure 13. Surface flooding during October 1996 storm of Alewife Brook Parkway at low point near playground between Massachusetts Ave. and Route 2. ________________________________________ 17 Figure 14. Surface flooding of Columbus Ave. near playground between Massachusetts Ave. and Route 2. ___________________________________________________________________________________ 17 Figure 15. Swale between Jerry’ s Pond and Parkway Pond during October 1996 storm. ____________ 18 Figure 16. Surface flooding of Alewife Brook Parkway between Massachusetts Ave. and Route 2 following brief shower on September 6, 1999. ______________________________________________________ 19 Figure 17. MBTA tunnel location on vertical section at Russell Field. ___________________________ 19 Figure 18. Depression flood storage during June 1998 storm at 200 Cambridge Park Drive prior to breaking ground for new office building. __________________________________________________ 23 Figure 19. Depression flood storage during October 1996 storm at site of proposed commercial development abutting Russell Field. ______________________________________________________ 23 Figure 20. Aerial photograph of land use along Cambridge Park Drive in 1974.___________________ 24 Figure 21. Contemporary commercial land uses along Cambridge Park Drive. ____________________ 25 Figure 22. Estimated bounds of 100-year flood event from FEMA flood insurance map (1982)________ 26 Figure 23. Flooded Alewife Brook Parkway and cars driving wrong way on Seagrave Ave. __________ 29

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%􏰨0 570803.0 41 8:25 5:258 􏰩3 􏰨4208 􏰩8 :8:,􏰬􏰬􏰯 􏰩3/􏰩.,9􏰩;0 41 5,89 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧􏰂 􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰇 8􏰨4􏰭8 9􏰨0 􏰬4.,9􏰩43 41 8:7;0􏰯0/ 􏰨4208 􏰭􏰩9􏰨 8:25 5:258􏰂 􏰐4208 43 􏰗􏰨􏰩9902470 􏰉;03:0 :5 94 9􏰨0 􏰉􏰬0􏰭􏰩10 􏰊744􏰫 !,7􏰫􏰭,􏰯 ,􏰬􏰬 􏰨,;0 8:25 5:258􏰂 􏰕489 􏰨4208 􏰩3 9􏰨0 3479􏰨 5,79 41 􏰋􏰬􏰩1943 $9􏰂 ,􏰬43􏰧 #:880􏰬􏰬 􏰎􏰩0􏰬/ 􏰨,;0 8:25 5:258􏰟 􏰭􏰩9􏰨 8420􏰭􏰨,9 􏰬4􏰭07 􏰩3.􏰩/03.0 41 8:25 5:258 43 9􏰨0 45548􏰩90 8􏰩/0 41 􏰋􏰬􏰩1943 $9􏰂􏰂 %􏰨0 570803.0 41 8:25 5:258 􏰩8 􏰧0307,􏰬􏰬􏰯 .438􏰩89039 􏰭􏰩9􏰨 􏰨􏰩􏰧􏰨07 7054790/ 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 1706:03.􏰯 ,8 8􏰨4􏰭3 􏰩3 􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰈􏰂

􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰢 8􏰨4􏰭8 􏰭􏰨09􏰨07 -,802039 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 4..:770/ -􏰯 8􏰩3􏰫8 ,3/ 1􏰬447 /7,􏰩38 -,.􏰫􏰩3􏰧 :5 5708:2,-􏰬􏰯 -0.,:80 41 8:7.􏰨,7􏰧􏰩3􏰧 89472 /7,􏰩38 47 -􏰯 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 -􏰯 503097,9􏰩43 41 􏰧74:3/􏰭,907 9􏰨74:􏰧􏰨 􏰭,􏰬􏰬8 ,3/ 1􏰬4478􏰂 􏰋438􏰩89039 7054798 41 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 9􏰨74:􏰧􏰨 1􏰬447 /7,􏰩38 4..:770/ 43 􏰋4􏰬:2-:8 􏰉;0􏰂 ,3/ 54􏰩398 43 􏰋􏰬􏰩1943 $9􏰂 2􏰩/􏰭,􏰯 -09􏰭003 􏰌:/􏰬0􏰯 $9􏰂 ,3/ 􏰐,7;0􏰯 $9􏰂

􏰄􏰂􏰇 􏰎􏰔 􏰌􏰑􏰖􏰏 􏰊$􏰍#’􏰉%􏰑 􏰖$

$􏰩􏰧3􏰩1􏰩.,39 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 􏰨,8 4..:770/ 􏰩3 9􏰨0 70.039 5,89 􏰩3 .94-07 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰈 ,3/ 􏰒:30 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰣􏰂 􏰗􏰨􏰩􏰬0 8:7;0􏰯 708:􏰬98 705479 -,802039 ,3/ 8:71,.0 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 /:7􏰩3􏰧 -49􏰨 0;0398􏰟 9􏰨0 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰈 0;039 􏰭,8 -􏰯 ,􏰬􏰬 ,..4:398 ,..425,3􏰩0/ -􏰯 2470 􏰭􏰩/08570,/ ,3/ /00507 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧􏰂 -807;,9􏰩438 41 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 1742

.94-07 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰈 ,70 /08.7􏰩-0/ -0􏰬4􏰭􏰂 %􏰨0 􏰩31472,9􏰩43 􏰭,8 􏰧,9􏰨070/ 1742 8:7;0􏰯 708543808􏰟 5􏰨494􏰧7,5􏰨8􏰟 ,3/ .43;078,9􏰩438 􏰭􏰩9􏰨 30􏰩􏰧􏰨-47􏰨44/ 708􏰩/0398􏰂 %􏰨080 ,70 8:55􏰬020390/ -􏰯 4-807;,9􏰩438 41 􏰒,.4-8 􏰋438:􏰬9􏰩3􏰧 $07;􏰩.08 /:7􏰩3􏰧 􏰬08807 0;0398 􏰩3 $05902-07 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰤􏰂

􏰄􏰂􏰇􏰂􏰃 􏰋% 􏰊􏰍# 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰈

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  • 􏰉79􏰨:7 􏰌􏰂 􏰔􏰩99􏰬0 411􏰩.08 􏰩3 9􏰨0 􏰉.473 411􏰩.0 5,7􏰫 􏰬􏰩0 ,9 9􏰨0 945 41 9􏰨0 3479􏰨 -,3􏰫 41 9􏰨0 􏰔􏰩99􏰬0 #􏰩;07􏰂 􏰗,9078 􏰩3 9􏰨0 􏰔􏰩99􏰬0 #􏰩;07 7480 4;07 9􏰨0 -,3􏰫8 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 9􏰨0 411􏰩.0 -,802039 ,3/ 9􏰨0 5,7􏰫􏰩3􏰧 􏰬49 ,8 8􏰨4􏰭3 􏰩3 􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰣􏰂 %􏰨􏰩8 􏰩8 􏰩3 .4397,89 94 1:79􏰨07 :58970,2 􏰭􏰨070 9􏰨0 -,3􏰫8 41 9􏰨0 􏰉􏰬0􏰭􏰩10 􏰊744􏰫 􏰭070 349 4;0794550/􏰂
  • 􏰔4􏰭 85498 84:9􏰨 41 9􏰨0 0􏰮􏰩89􏰩3􏰧 􏰉􏰬0􏰭􏰩10 􏰋03907 􏰝􏰎􏰩􏰧:708 􏰤 ,3/ 􏰃􏰡􏰞 ,3/ 43 #:880􏰬􏰬 􏰎􏰩0􏰬/ 􏰝􏰎􏰩􏰧:708 􏰃􏰃 ,3/ 􏰃􏰄􏰞 􏰭070 1􏰬44/0/􏰂 􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰃􏰄 8􏰨4􏰭8 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 4;07 9􏰨0 .,9.􏰨 -,8􏰩3 􏰩38􏰩/0 9􏰨0 3479􏰨 􏰧,90 41 #:880􏰬􏰬 􏰎􏰩0􏰬/ ,-:99􏰩3􏰧 􏰋􏰬􏰩1943 $9􏰂
  • 􏰉􏰬0􏰭􏰩10 􏰊744􏰫 !,7􏰫􏰭,􏰯 􏰭,8 :3/07 􏰭,907 :5 94 9􏰨0 .:7-8 ,9 􏰩98 􏰬4􏰭 54􏰩39 30,7 9􏰨0 5􏰬,􏰯􏰧74:3/ 􏰝􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰃􏰅􏰞􏰂 %􏰨0 􏰊744􏰫 􏰨,/ 349 􏰨4􏰭0;07 7􏰩803 4;07 􏰩98 -,3􏰫8􏰂
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  • 􏰗,907 ,9 􏰬4􏰭 54􏰩398 43 􏰋4􏰬:2-:8 􏰉;0􏰂 ,3/ 􏰗􏰨􏰩9902470 􏰉;0􏰂 􏰭070 5708039 􏰩3 9􏰨0 74,/ 147 80;07,􏰬 /,􏰯8 14􏰬􏰬4􏰭􏰩3􏰧 9􏰨0 7,􏰩3 􏰝􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰃􏰆􏰞􏰂
  • 􏰎􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 ,9 .47307 41 􏰋􏰬􏰩1943 $9􏰂 ,3/ 􏰌:/􏰬0􏰯 􏰉;0􏰂 􏰭,8 ,..425,3􏰩0/ -􏰯 -,802039 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧 􏰩3 􏰨4208 30,7 􏰩390780.9􏰩43􏰂 %􏰨0 􏰬􏰩􏰫0􏰬􏰯 20.􏰨,3􏰩82 􏰩3 9􏰨􏰩8 .,80 􏰩8 0􏰬0;,90/ 􏰧74:3/􏰭,907 0􏰬0;,9􏰩438 147.􏰩3􏰧 􏰭,907 9􏰨74:􏰧􏰨 -,802039 􏰭,􏰬􏰬8􏰂
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􏰄􏰂􏰇􏰂􏰄 $􏰍!%􏰍􏰕􏰊􏰍# 􏰈 􏰉􏰖􏰌 􏰃􏰡􏰟 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰤

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#0;􏰩0􏰭0/ /4.:20398 /􏰩/ 349 􏰩3/􏰩.,90 􏰭􏰨09􏰨07 8􏰩2􏰩􏰬,7 570.,:9􏰩438 94 349 /􏰩89:7- 5700􏰮􏰩89􏰩3􏰧 􏰧74:3/􏰭,907 1􏰬4􏰭 .43/􏰩9􏰩438 􏰭070 9,􏰫03 􏰩3 9􏰨0 ,/􏰪4􏰩3􏰩3􏰧 708􏰩/039􏰩,􏰬 30􏰩􏰧􏰨-47􏰨44/8 ,8 ,9 #:880􏰬􏰬 􏰎􏰩0􏰬/􏰂 􏰎:79􏰨07􏰟 /08􏰩􏰧3 /09,􏰩􏰬8 41 9􏰨0 /0;􏰩.0 94 ,􏰬􏰬4􏰭 147 :3/07 9:330􏰬 /7,􏰩3,􏰧0 ,70 349 574;􏰩/0/ 1742 􏰭􏰨􏰩.􏰨 94 2,􏰫0 ,3 ,880882039 41 9􏰨0 /0;􏰩.0􏰵8 5071472,3.0 :3/07 1􏰬44/ .43/􏰩9􏰩438􏰂

􏰑1 9􏰨0 % 9:330􏰬 0􏰮9038􏰩43 ,.98 ,8 , -,77􏰩07 94 􏰧74:3/􏰭,907 1􏰬4􏰭􏰟 -0.,:80 0􏰩9􏰨07 34 :3/07 9:330􏰬 /0;􏰩.0 0􏰮􏰩898 􏰩3 9􏰨0 708􏰩/039􏰩,􏰬 30􏰩􏰧􏰨-47􏰨44/ 47 9􏰨0 /0;􏰩.0 􏰩8 349 5071472􏰩3􏰧 ,8 /08􏰩􏰧30/􏰟 9􏰨03 9􏰨0 􏰭,907 9,-􏰬0 0􏰬0;,9􏰩43 􏰭4:􏰬/ 􏰬􏰩􏰫0􏰬􏰯 􏰩3.70,80 43 9􏰨0 :5􏰧7,/􏰩039 8􏰩/0 41 9􏰨0 9:330􏰬􏰂 %􏰨􏰩8 􏰭4:􏰬/ 5􏰬,.0 9􏰨0 􏰭,907 9,-􏰬0 30,707 94 9􏰨0 14:3/,9􏰩43 0􏰬0;,9􏰩43 41 9􏰨0 􏰨4208 ,3/ 􏰩3 9􏰨0 0;039 41 7,􏰩3􏰟 􏰨4:808 :5􏰧7,/􏰩039 41 9􏰨0 9:330􏰬 􏰭4:􏰬/ -0 2470 8:8.059􏰩-􏰬0 94 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧􏰂 􏰉 .425􏰬090 /09072􏰩3,9􏰩43 41 9􏰨0 􏰩25,.9 􏰭4:􏰬/ 706:􏰩70 􏰩389,􏰬􏰬,9􏰩43 41 , 2􏰩3􏰩2:2 41 8􏰩􏰮 243􏰩947􏰩3􏰧 􏰭0􏰬􏰬8 84 ,8 94 􏰩3107 9􏰨0 /􏰩70.9􏰩43 41 1􏰬4􏰭 43 0􏰩9􏰨07 8􏰩/0 41 9􏰨0 9:330􏰬 ,3/ 9􏰨0 /745 􏰩3 􏰨0,/ ,.7488 9􏰨0 9:330􏰬􏰂 􏰋439􏰩3:4:8 243􏰩947􏰩3􏰧 41 9􏰨080 􏰭0􏰬􏰬8 /:7􏰩3􏰧 , 􏰬,7􏰧0 89472 0;039 􏰭4:􏰬/ -0 30.088,7􏰯 94 /09072􏰩30 􏰭􏰨09􏰨07 9􏰨0 570803.0 41 9􏰨0 9:330􏰬 􏰭070 .70,9􏰩3􏰧 0􏰬0;,9􏰩3􏰧 􏰧74:3/􏰭,907 .43/􏰩9􏰩438 􏰭􏰨􏰩.􏰨 2􏰩􏰧􏰨9 570.􏰩5􏰩9,90 -,802039 1􏰬44/􏰩3􏰧􏰂



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􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰄􏰂 􏰉33:,􏰬 2,􏰮􏰩2:2 570.􏰩5􏰩9,9􏰩43 70.47/0/ ,9 􏰊48943 􏰔4􏰧,3 􏰉􏰩75479􏰂

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Jun-98

Oct-96

Aug-55

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Elapsed Time (hours)

􏰎􏰩􏰧:70 􏰅􏰂 􏰋:2:􏰬,9􏰩;0 7,􏰩31,􏰬􏰬 /059􏰨 147 􏰉:􏰧:89 􏰃􏰤􏰇􏰇􏰟 .94-07 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰈 ,3/ 􏰒:30 􏰃􏰤􏰤􏰣 894728􏰂



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Cumulative Precipitation (inches)

Rainfall Depth (inches)